Олимпиадные задания с решениями

Английский язык 9-11 класс, муниципальный этап (2 этап), г. Москва, 2017-2018 учебный год

Содержание

  1. Part 1 «LISTENING» (15 points)
  2. Part 2 «READING» (20 points)
  3. Part 3 «USE OF ENGLISH» (50 points)
  4. Part 4 «WRITING» (30 points)
  5. Keys (Ответы)
  6. Подсчёт баллов за все конкурсы
  7. WRITING – критерии оценивания
  8. Audioscript (текст)

Part 1 «LISTENING» (15 points)

Time: 15 minutes

Task 1

Содержание ↑

For items 1–10 listen to a passage from a lecture and decide whether the statements (1–10) are TRUE (A), or FALSE (B) according to the text you hear. You will hear the text twice.

  1. Activities of rich industrialised countries are aimed at helping poor people in developing countries.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Changes in sea level may threaten the life of small island states.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Egyptians living in the coastal areas are threatened by flooding.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Food security is a problem in some dry tropical countries.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Northern hemisphere countries suffer the most from the air pollution.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Measures aimed at the modification of the impact of climate change may be very costly.
A) True B) False

 

  1. People should learn to care about the lives of people of future generations.
A) True B) False

 

  1. We can be satisfied with the achievements in dealing with the climate change on the international scene.
A) True B) False

 

  1. We as individuals can’t add to the reductions of the greenhouse gas emissions.
A) True B) False

 

  1. Energy efficiency measures include less use of private cars.
A) True B) False

 

Task 2

Содержание ↑

For items 11–15 listen to the dialogue. Choose the correct answer (A, B or C) to answer questions 11–15. You will hear the text only once.

  1. The first photo Mike saw in the old photograph album was that of…
    • A) his wife as a baby.
    • B) his wife’s sister Paula.
    • C) his wife’s mother.
  2. In the photo of Paula she was with her…
    • A) mother.
    • B) sister.
    • C) boyfriend.
  3. When Mike says “she takes after you” he means that Paula …
    • A) looks like his wife.
    • B) behaves like his wife.
    • C) tries to mock his wife.
  4. What does Mike think about the hat his wife’s mother is wearing in the photo?
    • A) It’s too old.
    • B) It looks strange.
    • C) It’s very fashionable.
  5. What does Mike’s phrase “you’ll probably look like her…” suggest?
    • A) He doesn’t like the way his wife’s mother looks now.
    • B) He thinks about hats his wife would wear in twenty years.
    • C) He thinks that Paula would look nice in twenty years.

Part 2 «READING» (20 points)

Time: 45 minutes

Task 1

Содержание ↑

For items 16–25, read the passage below and choose option A, B, C or D which best fits according to the text.

The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is the former imperial palace in the center of Beijing, China.Construction began in 1406, and the emperor’s court officially moved in by 1420. TheForbidden City got its name because most people were barred from entering the 72-hectaresite, surrounded by walls. Even government officials and the imperial family werepermitted only limited access. Only the emperor could enter any section at will.

The architecture of the Forbidden City conforms rigidly to traditional Chineseprinciples. All buildings within the walls follow a north-south line, and the mostimportant ones face south to honor the sun. The designers arranged the other buildings,and the ceremonial spaces between them, to impress all visitors with the great powerof the Emperor, while reinforcing the insignificance of the individual. Thisarchitectural concept was carried out to the smallest detail. For example, theimportance of a building was determined not only by its height or width but also by thestyle of its roof and the quantity of statuettes placed on the roof’s ridges.

In recognition of the importance of its unparalleled architecture, UNESCOadded the palace to its World Heritage List in 1987. Today, visitors from all over theworld do not wait for an imperial invitation to walk about this palace, now a museumof imperial art.

One of the most impressive landmarks of the Forbidden City is the Meridian Gate, the formal entrance to the southern side of the Forbidden City. The gate, with its auxiliary wings on either side of the entryway, is 38 meters high at its roof ridge. When you stand in front of this majestic structure, you understand how awed people felt when they stood there listening to imperial proclamations.

As you walk through the gate, you come into a large courtyard, 140 meters long and 210 meters wide. Running through the courtyard is the Golden River, which is crossed by five parallel white marble bridges. These bridges lead to the Gate of Supreme Harmony, which, in turn, leads to the heart of the Forbidden City. Its three main halls stand atop a three-tiered marble terrace overlooking an immense plaza. The plaza has enough space to hold tens of thousands of subjects paying homage to the emperor.

At the northernmost end of the Forbidden City is the Imperial Garden, which is totally different from the rest of the compound. Instead of rigid formality, you see a seemingly spontaneous arrangement of trees, fishponds, flowerbeds, and sculpture. Here is the place of relaxation for the emperor. The motion picture The Last Emperor (1987), which portrays the life of Hsüan-t’ung P’u-i, was filmed partly within the Forbidden City.

16. Which sentence in the first paragraph explains who could go anywhere in the Forbidden City at any time?

  • A) Sentence 2.
  • B) Sentence 3.
  • C) Sentence 4.
  • D) Sentence 5.

 

17. How long did it take to build the Forbidden City?

  • A) About five years.
  • B) About seven years.
  • C) About ten years.
  • D) About fourteen years.

 

18. From the passage, it can be inferred that

  • A) Chinese architects borrowed ideas from many different countries.
  • B) the design of the Forbidden City is dull and colorless.
  • C) the architecture of the Forbidden City exemplifies traditional Chinese values.
  • D) the garden of the Forbidden City was laid out in a strict, rectangular pattern.

 

19.Which phrase is closest in meaning to the word ‘unparalleled’ as used in paragraph 3?

  • A) At an angle from the main line.
  • B) A high quality found nowhere else.
  • C) Partially designed in a foreign country.
  • D) Careless of small details in design.

 

20.Which word(s) does the word ‘its’ refer to in paragraph 3?

  • A) UNESCO.
  • B) Architecture.
  • C) Palace.
  • D) World Heritage List.

 

21.From the passage, it is implied that the main entrance area to the Forbidden City is

  • A) surrounded by three tall walls.
  • B) painted gold and green.
  • C) decorated with statuettes.
  • D) not very impressive.

 

22.Which phrase is closest in meaning to the word ‘proclamations’?

  • A) Music composed for public ceremonies.
  • B) Speeches encouraging soldiers to fight.
  • C) Official public announcements.
  • D) Poetry written for the emperor.

 

23. All of the following are found in the Imperial Garden EXCEPT:

  • A) fishponds.
  • B) sculpture.
  • C) bridges.
  • D) flowerbeds.

 

24. According to the passage, what do the bridges over the Golden River lead to?

  • A) The Meridian gate.
  • B) The center of Beijing.
  • C) The Gate of Supreme Harmony.
  • D) The Imperial Gardens.

 

25. The Imperial Garden is

  • A) a traditional formal garden.
  • B) a complex arrangement.
  • C) an unplanned patch of land.
  • D) a favorite spot of the emperor

Task 2

Содержание ↑

For items 26–35, read the passage below and choose which of the sentences A–K fit into the numbered gaps in the text. There is one extra sentence which does not fit in any of the gaps. Write the correct letter in boxes 26–35 on your answer sheet.

You could be flying off to exotic locations, staying in five-star hotels, eatingin top-class restaurants, and it’s all paid for by your employer. Who wouldn’t wanta job that involves foreign travel? 26 __________. The number of jobs requiringinternational travel is growing significantly. And citing business travel experienceon your CV can bring enormous professional benefits.

27 __________. There is a big difference between travelling to Milan as atourist and travelling there to spend a day in the type of hotel meeting room thatcan be found anywhere in Europe. It can be very exciting, but you need to keepyour feet firmly on the ground. 28 __________. Flights can be delayed, things cango wrong and it’s easy to get exhausted. Many jobs mean travelling alone, so youcan feel lonely.

Simply targeting any job that involves foreign travel is not the way to start.29 __________. It’s as illogical as saying you want a job that involves wearingsmart clothes. Instead, you should consider all the usual factors, such asqualifications and experience, and only then choose a sector or company that offersopportunities for international travel.

The travel and hotel trades are obvious areas. 30 __________. In the retailsector, buyers often travel, especially if they work in fresh produce, where theyhave to check the suitability of crops. 31 __________. Jobs in the engineering andenvironment sector can involve travel, too. Almost any career can meaninternational travel, if you choose the right company and role. The number of jobsinvolving travel, especially at middle-management level, is growing.

So what will help you secure a role with an international flavour? 32 __________. A second language is a good indication of how well someone will adapt. You need to show you are flexible and willing to learn. 33 __________.

Find out what the company offers as a support package. Many now guaranteethat you can return home at the weekends, or they will limit the amount that peopletravel each year.

34 __________. One company asked graduates fresh out of university to move to another country over a weekend, alone, and to find their own accommodation.

And it’s as well to remember that international travel can be stressful. People can get burned out by international business travel. You need to be in control of your schedule, rather than leaving it to the company. You must ensure you get time to rest and talk to your employer all the time about how you are coping. Don’t wait for formal appraisals or until they ask for your views. 35 __________. Most sensible companies ask people to commit to two to three years. This increases the likelihood of success. And most people who travel on business remember it fondly.

  • A. On the other hand, it does bring personal benefits, and it also has a dramatic effect on promotion prospects.
  • B. Making travel your first requirement is not the way to choose a career.
  • C. And realize you might not want to travel for ever.
  • D. Employers look for candidates with an international outlook.
  • E. And there are plenty of opportunities.
  • F. But not all employers are like this.
  • G. Speak to seasoned international business travellers to get an idea of what you will face.
  • H. Employment in communications, banking and finance, and property management is also worth looking at.
  • I. If your company has a sister company in the Czech Republic, for instance, learning some Czech will boost your chances.
  • J. But it’s not always as exciting as it sounds.
  • K. However, the commercial sector also offers good prospects for travel.

Part 3 «USE OF ENGLISH» (50 points)

Time: 60 minutes

Task 1. Items 36–50 (15 points)

Содержание ↑

For Questions 36–50, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there.

If a line is correct put a tick. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word on your answer sheet. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00).

Example:

0 V
00 about

 

Flying the slow way

0 The day of my journey to Geneva was very foggy
00 and I was afraid about the flight might be cancelled.
36 When I rang the airport, they told me I should be check
37 in at the normal time. On the way to there in a taxi the
38 fog seemed to be getting thicker but as we arrived I saw
39 a plane landing, which it cheered me up. There were
40 a lots of people in the departure lounge at first but
41 more and more of them disappeared as their flights
42 were called. After an hour in there were only about six
43 of us left and then we had heard the words I’d been
44 dreading: ‘We are regret to announce the cancellation
45 of Flight 267 to Geneva.’ Naturally, we all demanded
46 to know if what was going to happen to us and, in the
47 end, the airline put us on a plane to Dublin. From there
48 we were caught a flight to Paris, where we had to travel
49 to a different terminal by the bus before finally boarding
50 a plane for Geneva. We arrived, exhausted, five hours late.

 

Task 2. Items 51–60 (20 points)

Содержание ↑

For items 51–60, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. Use from three to five words. Please mind both grammar and spelling. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example: 0. The pool isn’t deep enough to swim in.

too

The pool ……………………. swim in.

0 is too shallow to
  1. 51. Owing to her poor exam results, she missed the chance to go to university.

robbed

Her poor exam results………………the chance to go to university.

  1. The thieves stole jewellery and paintings worth over £25,000.

away

The thieves ………..jewellery and paintings worth over £25,000.

  1. I’ve just noticed that the car has almost run out of petrol.

hardly

I’ve noticed that ………………………………… left in the car.

  1. As I didn’t know the name for it in Greek, I just pointed.

say

Not ……………………………….in Greek, I just pointed.

  1. The ladies wore evening dresses, but it wasn’t necessary.

worn

The ladies ………………………………..evening dresses.

  1. The coffee machine stopped working right in the middle of the lunch break.

down

The coffee machine …………. in the middle of the lunch break.

  1. My father often played the piano when we were young.

used

My father ……………….. the piano when we were young.

  1. It is reported that he is now recovering in hospital.

recovery

He is reported …………….. in hospital now.

  1. He lost his job because he couldn’t do what was required.

inability

He lost his job because………………………. what was required .

  1. What’s confusing you so much?

lot

What is it that’s ……….….of confusion?

Task 3. Items 61–65 (5 points)

Содержание ↑

For items 61–65, match the spoken informal words 61–65 to their neutral definitions A–J. There are some extra definitions which do not match.

Informal English Neutral Equivalents
61. We just hit it off. A) to pay more money than needed
62. I got ripped off by the taxi driver coming from the airport. B) to argue
63. That guy in black pinched my watch. C) a cent
64. I need to go out and let my hair down. D) to show off
65. It only cost a quid. E) to travel by getting a free ride from the driver of a passing car
F) to relax
G) a pound
H) to like each other at once
I) to steal sth.
J) to glance at sth.

 

Task 4. Items 66–75 (10 points)

Содержание ↑

For items 66–75, match the items 66–75 to the phenomena A–M. There are some extra phenomena which do not match.

66. Andrew Lloyd Webber A) The Nobel Prize Winner for Literature (1954). His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms (1929).
67. The Grapes of Wrath B) His idea of government was one “of the people, by the people, for the people”.
68. Ernest Hemingway C) The British novel about the destructive and passionate love between two children, who grew up on the same farm.
69. Chaucer D) One of the biggest horse-race meetings in the UK famous for its spectators wearing their best hats.
70. Abraham Lincoln E) He wrote either in Latin or in Modern English. He was knighted by King James I in 1603.
71. Royal Ascot F) An early gold prospector during the Gold Rush.
72. The Plymouth Plantation G) His longest-running musical is Cats.
73. Wuthering Heights H) It is a well preserved example of a typical late 18th century town house with the original furniture and fittings.
74. Martin Luther King I) The novel about poor Midwestern farmers in the 1930s.
75. Francis Bacon J) It recreates one of the places where the Pilgrims lived when they arrived in America.
K) A US route used in the 19th century by pioneers travelling west in horse-drawn covered wagons to settle new lands.
L) He wrote in Middle English. He became a member of the royal court of Edward III in 1367.
M) The Nobel Peace Prize Winner (1964). He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent struggle.

 

Part 4 «WRITING» (30 points)

Содержание ↑

Time: 60 minutes

Comment on the following quotation.

«Moscow is not an ordinary city, just one of thousands, Moscow is not just a collection of cold, symmetrically arranged stones! It has its own life and soul»

Mikhail Lermontov

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • explain how you understand the author’s point of view;
  • express your personal opinion and give reasons in its support;
  • give examples to illustrate your reasons, using your personal experience, literature or background knowledge;
  • make a conclusion.

Keys (Ответы)

Listening

Содержание ↑

Ite m Answer
1 B
2 A
3 A
4 A
5 B
6 A
7 A
8 B
9 B
10 A
11 A
12 C
13 B
14 B
15 A

 

Reading

Содержание ↑

Ite m Answer
16 D
17 D
18 C
19 B
20 A
21 A
22 C
23 C
24 C
25 C
26 E
27 J
28 G
29 B
30 K
31 H
32 D
33 I
34 F
35 C

 

Use of English

Содержание ↑

Ite m Answer
36 be
37 to
38 V
39 it
40 a
41 V
42 in
43 had
44 are
45 V
46 if
47 V
48 were
49 the
50 V
51 robbed her of
52 got/ made away with
53 there is/ there’s hardly any petrol
54 knowing how to say it/this
55 need not have worn/needn’t have worn/ did not need to wear
56 broke down right
57 used to play
58 to be making a recovery/ to be in recovery
59 of his inability to do
60 causing/ giving you such a lot
61 H
62 A
63 I
64 F
65 G
66 G
67 I
68 A
69 L
70 B
71 D
72 J
73 C
74 M
75 E

 

Подсчёт баллов за все конкурсы

Listening – максимальное количество баллов 15. Задания проверяются автоматически. Каждый правильный ответ оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов.

Reading – максимальное количество баллов 20. Задания проверяются автоматически. Каждый правильный ответ оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов.

Use of English – максимальное количество баллов 50. Задания 36–50 (Task

1) проверяются по ключам и каждый правильный ответ оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов. Орфография учитывается. Задания 51–60 (Task 2) проверяются по ключам и каждый правильный ответ оценивается в 2 балла. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов. Орфография учитывается. Задания 61–75 (Task 3 и Task 4) проверяются автоматически. Каждый правильный ответ оценивается в 1 балл. За неверный ответ или отсутствие ответа выставляется 0 баллов.

Writing – максимальное количество баллов 30.

Задание оценивается по Критериям оценивания.

ВНИМАНИЕ – Затем полученное количество баллов умножается на два.

При подведении итогов баллы за все конкурсы суммируются.

Максимальное количество баллов за все конкурсы – 15 + 20+ 50 +30 = 115.

 

WRITING – критерии оценивания

Содержание ↑

Максимальное количество баллов: 15 × 2 = 30!

Внимание! При оценке 0 по критерию «Решение коммуникативной задачи» выставляется общая оценка 0.

Баллы за решение КЗ Решение коммуникативной задачи (максимум 3 балла) Организац ия текста (максимум 3 балла) Лексика (максимум 3 балла) Грамматика (максимум 3 балла) Орфография (максимум 3 балла)
3 Задание выполнено полностью: содержание отражает все аспекты, указанные в задании (4 аспекта); стилевое оформление речи выбрано правильно (нейтральный стиль). Объём работы либо соответствует заданному, либо отклоняется от заданного не более чем на 10 % (в сторону увеличения – не больше 275 слов) или на 10 % в сторону уменьшения (не меньше 180 слов). 3 балла

Высказыван ие логично; средства логической связи использован ы правильно; текст правильно разделен на абзацы.

3 балла

Работа имеет 1–2 незначительные ошибки с точки зрения лексического оформления.

3 балла

Работа имеет 1–2 незначительные ошибки с точки зрения грамматического оформления.

3 балла

В работе имеются 1–2 незначительные орфографические ошибки и/ или пунктуацион ные ошибки.

2 Задание выполнено: 2 аспекта, указанные в задании, раскрыты не полностью или 1 аспект не раскрыт; и/ или имеются отдельные нарушения стилевого оформления речи. 2 балла

Высказывание в основном логично; имеются отдельные нарушения в использов ании средств логической связи; имеются отдельные нарушения при делении текста на абзацы.

2 балла

В работе имеются 3–4 лексические ошибки.

2 балла

В работе имеются 3–4 грамматические ошибки.

2 балла

В работе имеются 3–4 орфографические ошибки и/ или пунктуацион ные ошибки.

1 Задание выполнено не полностью: содержание отражает не все аспекты, указанные в задании (3–4 аспекта, указанные в задании, раскрыты не полностью или 2 аспекта не раскрыты); и/ или нарушения стилевого оформления речи встречаются достаточно часто. 1 балл

Высказывание не всегда логично; имеются многочисленные нарушения в использовании средств логической связи; имеются многочисле нные нарушения при делении текста на абзацы.

1 балл

В работе имеются 5–6 лексических ошибок.

1 балл

В работе имеются 5–6 грамматических ошибок

1 балл

В работе имеются 5–6 орфографических ошибок и/ или пунктуацион ных ошибок.

 

1 При превышении объема более чем на 10% от заданного (276 слов и более), проверяются nпервые 250 слов. При превышении объёма менее чем на 10% от заданного, баллы за содержание не снижаются.

Audioscript (текст)

Содержание ↑

Listening comprehension

For items 1–10 listen to a passage from a lecture and decide whether the statements (1–10) are TRUE (A), or FALSE (B) according to the text you hear. You will hear the text twice.

You have 20 seconds to study the statements.

(pause 20 seconds)

Now we begin.

And the third problem is that climate change is really a problem that results from the activities of rich industrialised countries, but the effects are primarily going to be felt by the people, mainly poor people, who live in developing countries. Particularly, the people who live on small island states, like the atolls in the South Pacific where the land surface is nowhere more than a few metres above sea level, and even fairly small changes in sea level will completely threaten the future existence of their countries. Or the people in Bangladesh and Egypt who live in the highly populated coastal areas, threatened by coastal flooding. Or the semi-arid tropical countries where food security is already a problem and reductions in rainfall and increases in temperature will bring further water scarcity and problems for agriculture. These are the people who’re going to suffer. The countries responsible for the pollution mainly are in the northern hemisphere where the impacts will be less, and more importantly, the countries have strong economies and will be able to take actions necessary to adapt to the impacts of climate change. For instance, reinforcing flood defences or strengthening infrastructure to cope with increased storm, possible increased storm damage. All, all kinds of measures are more feasible when there’s money around to fund them. So, to do something about climate change, it requires people who are not going to suffer, or believe that they won’t suffer very much, to care about people in far away places, that they hardly even know. And not even the people who are around now, but to develop world needs to care for future generations, those yet unborn, who live in these countries. This is very hard to achieve. So, how can, how can we make progress in dealing with climate change?

Well, we might be frustrated by what’s happening on the international scene. Things seem to be going too slowly. The measures contemplated aren’t strong enough but at least we as individuals can do something to reduce our own greenhouse gas emissions. The United Kingdom, for instance, has got a target under Kyoto to reduce its emissions by 12,5 per cent by 2012. And it’s imposed a stronger domestic target to reduce CO2 emissions by 20 per cent. Just about every individual living in the UK could easily achieve those reductions themselves just by reducing their own use of fossil fuel energy, by installing energy efficient measures in their house, even relatively cheap energy-efficient light bulbs, by using their cars less or not at all…

You have 20 seconds to check your answers.

(pause 20 seconds)

Now listen to the text again.

(text repeated)

You have 20 seconds to check your answers.

(pause 20 seconds)

For items 11–15 listen to the dialogue. Choose the correct answer (A, B or C) to answer questions 11-15. You will hear the text only once.

You now have 25 seconds to study the questions.

(pause 25 seconds)

Now we begin.

A Sobering Thought

 

Janet: I’ve just come across an old photograph album of my mother’s in this drawer. Come and have a look, Mike.

Mike: Gosh! Is this a picture of you as a baby? It’s a shame, you’ve grown up.

Janet: Don’t be nasty! Look, here’s a photo of my sister Paula when she was still in the fourth form at school. That’s an old boyfriend of hers beside her.

Mike: She looks a bit young for boyfriends, but I suppose she takes after you – you always used to have a different boyfriend whenever I saw you in those days.

Janet: Look who’s talking! I remember looking through some of your old photos a while ago and I found a whole collection of pictures of different girlfriends of yours.

Mike: Look! Here’s an old photo of your mother. Didn’t she look like you then?

Janet: Yes, everyone says we’re very alike.

Mike: What a ridiculous hat she’s wearing.

Janet: It’s not ridiculous at all. It was the height of fashion then.

Mike: Something has just occurred to me – if your mother looked like you twenty years ago, you’d probably look just like her in twenty years’ time…

Janet: So?

Mike: So… er… well… Look, a picture of young David!

This is the end of the listening comprehension part. You have 1 minute to complete your answer.

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